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Now we are to learn of three judges who ruled Israel in turn. Their
names were Ibzan, Elon, and Abdon. None of these were men of war, and in
their days the land was quiet.

But the people of Israel again began to worship idols; and as a
punishment God allowed them once more to pass under the power of their
enemies. The seventh oppression, which now fell upon Israel, was by far
the hardest, the longest and the most widely spread of any, for it was
over all the tribes. It came from the Philistines, a strong and warlike
people who lived on the west of Israel upon the plain beside the Great
Sea. They worshipped an idol called Dagon, which was made in the form of
a fish’s head on a man’s body.

These people, the Philistines, sent their armies up from the plain
beside the sea to the mountains of Israel and overran all the land. They
took away from the Israelites all their swords and spears, so that they
could not fight; and they robbed their land of all the crops, so that
the people suffered for want of food. And as before, the Israelites in
their trouble, cried out to the Lord, and the Lord heard their prayer.

In the tribe-land of Dan, which was next to the country of the
Philistines, there was living a man named Manoah. One day an angel came
to his wife and said:

“You shall have a son, and when he grows up he will begin to save Israel
from the hand of the Philistines. But your son must never drink any wine
or strong drink as long as he lives. And his hair must be allowed to
grow long and must never be cut, for he shall be a Nazarite under a vow
to the Lord.”

When a child was given especially to God, or when a man gave himself to
some work for God, he was forbidden to drink wine, and as a sign, his
hair was left to grow long while the vow or promise to God was upon him.
Such a person as this was called a Nazarite, a word which means “one who
has a vow”; and Manoah’s child was to be a Nazarite, and under a vow, as
long as he lived.

The child was born and was named Samson. He grew up to become the
strongest man of whom the Bible tells. Samson was no general, like
Gideon or Jephthah, to call out his people and lead them in war. He did
much to set his people free; but all that he did was by his own

When Samson became a young man he went down to Timnath, in the land of
the Philistines. There he saw a young Philistine woman whom he loved,
and wished to have as his wife. His father and mother were not pleased
that he should marry among the enemies of his own people. They did not
know that God would make this marriage the means of bringing harm upon
the Philistines and of helping the Israelites.

As Samson was going down to Timnath to see this young woman, a hungry
lion came out of the mountain, roaring against him. Samson seized the
lion, and tore him in pieces as easily as another man would have killed
a little kid of the goats, and then went on his way. He made his visit
and came home, but said nothing to any one about the lion.

After a time Samson went again to Timnath for his marriage with the
Philistine woman. On his way he stopped to look at the dead lion; and in
its body he found a swarm of bees, and honey which they had made. He
took some of the honey and ate it as he walked, but told no one of it.

At the wedding-feast, which lasted a whole week, there were many
Philistine young men, and they amused each other with questions and

“I will give you a riddle,” said Samson. “If you answer it during the
feast, I will give you thirty suits of clothing; and if you cannot
answer it then you must give me the thirty suits of clothing.” “Let us
hear your riddle,” they said. And this was Samson’s riddle:

“Out of the eater came forth meat,
And out of the strong came forth sweetness.”

They could not find the answer, though they tried to find it all that
day and the two days that followed. And at last they came to Samson’s
wife and said to her:

“Coax your husband to tell you the answer. If you do not find it out, we
will set your house on fire, and burn you and all your people.”

And Samson’s wife urged him to tell her the answer. She cried and
pleaded with him and said:

“If you really loved me, you would not keep this a secret from me.”

At last Samson yielded, and told his wife how he had killed the lion and
afterward found the honey in its body. She told her people, and just
before the end of the feast they came to Samson with the answer. They

“What is sweeter than honey? And what is stronger than a lion?” And
Samson said to them:

“If you had not plowed with my heifer,
You had not found out my riddle.”

By his “heifer,”–which is a young cow,–of course Samson meant his
wife. Then Samson was required to give them thirty suits of clothing. He
went out among the Philistines, killed the first thirty men whom he
found, took off their clothes, and gave them to the guests at the feast.
But all this made Samson very angry. He left his wife and went home to
his father’s house. Then the parents of his wife gave her to another

But after a time Samson’s anger passed away, and he went again to
Timnath to see his wife. But her father said to him:

“You went away angry, and I supposed that you cared nothing for her. I
gave her to another man, and now she is his wife. But here is her
younger sister; you can have her for your wife, instead.”

But Samson would not take his wife’s sister. He went out very angry;
determined to do harm to the Philistines, because they had cheated him.
He caught all the wild foxes that he could find, until he had three
hundred of them. Then he tied them together in pairs, by their tails;
and between each pair of foxes he tied to their tails a piece of dry
wood which he set on fire. These foxes with firebrands on their tails he
turned loose among the fields of the Philistines when the grain was
ripe. They ran wildly over the fields, set the grain on fire, and
burned it; and with the grain the olive trees in the fields.

When the Philistines saw their harvests destroyed, they said, “Who has
done this?”

And the people said, “Samson did this, because his wife was given by her
father to another man.”

The Philistines looked on Samson’s father-in-law as the cause of their
loss; and they came and set his home on fire, and burned the man and his
daughter whom Samson had married. Then Samson came down again, and alone
fought a company of Philistines, and killed them all, as a punishment
for burning his wife.

After this Samson went to live in a hollow place in a split rock, called
the rock of Etam. The Philistines came up in a great army, and overran
the fields in the tribe-land of Judah.

“Why do you come against us?” asked the men of Judah, “what do you want
from us?”

“We have come,” they said, “to bind Samson, and to deal with him as he
has dealt with us.”

The men of Judah said to Samson:

“Do you not know that the Philistines are ruling over us? Why do you
make them angry by killing their people? You see that we suffer through
your pranks. Now we must bind you and give you to the Philistines, or
they will ruin us all.”

And Samson said, “I will let you bind me, if you will promise not to
kill me yourselves; but only to give me safely into the hands of the

They made the promise; and Samson gave himself up to them, and allowed
them to tie him up fast with new ropes. The Philistines shouted for joy
as they saw their enemy brought to them, led in bonds by his own people.
But as soon as Samson came among them, he burst the bonds as though they
had been light strings; and picked up from the ground the jawbone of an
ass, and struck right and left with it as with a sword. He killed almost
a thousand of the Philistines with this strange weapon. Afterward he
sang a song about it, thus:

“With the jawbone of an ass, heaps upon heaps,
With the jawbone of an ass, have I slain a thousand men.”

After this Samson went down to the chief city of the Philistines, which
was named Gaza. It was a large city; and like all large cities, was
surrounded with a high wall. When the men of Gaza found Samson in their
city, they shut the gates, thinking that they could now hold him as a
prisoner. But in the night Samson rose up, went to the gates, pulled
their posts out of the ground, and put the gates with their posts upon
his shoulder. He carried off the gates of the city and left them on the
top of a hill not far from the city of Hebron.

After this Samson saw another woman among the Philistines, and he loved
her. The name of this woman was Delilah. The rulers of the Philistines
came to Delilah and said to her:

“Find out, if you can, what it is that makes Samson so strong, and tell
us. If you help us to get control of him, so that we can have him in our
power, we will give you a great sum of money.”

And Delilah coaxed and pleaded with Samson to tell her what it was that
made him so strong. Samson said to her:

“If they will tie me with seven green twigs from a tree, then I shall
not be strong any more.”

They brought her seven green twigs, like those of a willow tree; and she
bound Samson with them while he was asleep. Then she called out to him:

“Wake up, Samson, the Philistines are coming against you!”

And Samson rose up and broke the twigs as easily as if they had been
charred in the fire, and went away with ease.

And Delilah tried again to find his secret. She said:

“You are only making fun of me. Now tell me truly how you can be bound.”
And Samson said:

“Let them bind me with new ropes that have never been used before; and
then I cannot get away.”

While Samson was asleep again, Delilah bound him with new ropes. Then
she called out as before:

“Get up, Samson, for the Philistines are coming!” And when Samson rose
up, the ropes broke as if they were thread. And Delilah again urged him
to tell her; and he said:

“You notice that my long hair is in seven locks. Weave it together in
the loom, just as if it were the threads in a piece of cloth.”

Then, while he was asleep, she wove his hair in the loom, and fastened
it with a large pin to the weaving-frame. But when he awoke, he rose up,
and carried away the pin and the beam of the weaving-frame; for he was
as strong as before.

And Delilah, who was anxious to serve her people, said:

“Why do you tell me that you love me, as long as you deceive me and keep
from me your secret?” And she pleaded with him day after day, until at
last he yielded to her and told her the real secret of his strength. He

“I am a Nazarite, under a vow to the Lord, not to drink wine, and not to
allow my hair to be cut. If I should let my hair be cut short, then the
Lord would forsake me, and my strength would go from me, and I would be
like other men.”

Then Delilah knew that she had found the truth at last. She sent for the
rulers of the Philistines, saying:

“Come up this once, and you shall have your enemy; for he has told me
all that is in his heart.”

Then while the Philistines were watching outside, Delilah let Samson go
to sleep, with his head upon her knees. While he was sound asleep, they
took a razor and shaved off all his hair. Then she called out as at
other times.

“Rise up, Samson, the Philistines are upon you.”

He awoke, and rose up, expecting to find himself strong as before; for
he did not at first know that his long hair had been cut off. But the
vow to the Lord was broken, and the Lord had left him. He was now as
weak as other men, and helpless in the hands of his enemies. The
Philistines easily made him their prisoner; and that he might never do
them more harm, they put out his eyes. Then they chained him with
fetters, and sent him to prison at Gaza. And in the prison they made
Samson turn a heavy millstone to grind grain, just as though he were a
beast of burden.

But while Samson was in prison, his hair grew long again; and with his
hair his strength came back to him; for Samson renewed his vow to the

One day, a great feast was held by the Philistines in the temple of
their fish-god, Dagon. For they said:

“Our god has given Samson, our enemy, into our hand. Let us be glad
together and praise Dagon.”

And the temple was thronged with people, and the roof over it was also
crowded with more than three thousand men and women. They sent for
Samson, to rejoice over him; and Samson was led into the court of the
temple, before all the people, to amuse them. After a time, Samson said
to the boy who was leading him:

“Take me up to the front of the temple, so that I may stand by one of
the pillars, and lean against it.”

And while Samson stood between the two pillars, he prayed:

“O Lord God, remember me, I pray thee, and give me strength, only this
once, O God: and help me, that I may obtain vengeance upon the
Philistines for my two eyes!”

Then he placed one arm around the pillar on one side, and the other arm
around the pillar on the other side; and he said: “Let me die with the

And he bowed forward with all his might, and pulled the pillars over
with him, bringing down the roof and all upon it upon those that were
under it. Samson himself was among the dead; but in his death he killed
more of the Philistines than he had killed during his life.

Then in the terror which came upon the Philistines the men of Samson’s
tribe came down and found his dead body, and buried it in their own
land. After that it was years before the Philistines tried again to rule
over the Israelites.

Samson did much to set his people free; but he might have done much
more, if he had led his people, instead of trusting alone to his own
strength; and if he had lived more earnestly, and not done his deeds as
though he was playing pranks. There were deep faults in Samson, but at
the end he sought God’s help, and found it, and God used Samson to set
his people free.

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